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Titanium Carbide: An Introduction The chemical formula of Titan carbide TiC is a gray, metal-like, solid with a cubic lattice. Its molecular weight (59.89) is also 59.89. The melting temperature of titanium carbide ranges from 3140+90degC to 4820degC. Its relative density is 4,93 and its hardness is higher than 9.
Titanium carbide, while insoluble in water is soluble with nitric acids and aqua regia. It is stable when the temperature is below 800. However, when it reaches 2000 it will be corroded.
Carbonized TiO2 or TiO2 powder is produced by heating TiO2 in an electric oven to 2300-2700degC.
Titanium carbide, which can be used as an abrasive and electrode for arc lights and hard alloys can also make it.
Titan carbide can be prepared in several different ways
Reduce carbotherms using a reduction method
Use carbon black to reduce the TiO2 – the temperature range for this reaction is between 1700-2100. The chemical reaction formula:
Direct Carbonization
Ti powder and carbon dust react to form TiC. The chemical reaction formula: Ti(s),+C(s),=TiC. The application of this method will be limited because it’s difficult to make sub-micron Ti powder. The reaction above takes between 5-20 hours and is hard to control. The reactants agglomerate and need to be ground further in order to obtain fine particles. Granular TiC powder. After ball milling, it is important to chemically purify the fine Powder to get a purer product.
Chemical vapor deposition
The synthesis method uses the reaction between TiCl4, and H2 and C. TiC The monofilament is soaked with crystals. This method is limited in its production and quality of the TiC powder. It is important to be aware that the HCl in TiCl4 as well as its product can be highly corrosive.
Microwave method
Use microwave energy to heat nano-TiO2 and carbon as raw materials. The dielectric loss in the high frequency electric field is used to convert microwave energy to heat energy.
Blast impact method
Preparing the precursor requires mixing the titanium dioxide powder with the carbon powder in a specific proportion. The powder density is set at 1.5g/cm3. It is then placed in an airtight container made by yourself for the experiment. The detonation powder will be collected after the shock wave. After sieving the black powder, impurities like iron filings and large particles are removed. The black powder is soaked in Aqua Regia for 24hrs, then calcined 400degC at 400minutes to produce a silver-gray color.

High-temperature self-propagating synthesis
(SHS). SHS is a method that derives from an exothermic chemical reaction. When heated at the right temperature, fine-grained Ti Powder has high reactivity. The combustion wave produced after ignition will pass through Ti and the C reactants, and the reaction heat generated by Ti and the C will generate TiC. SHS has a reaction time of less than one second. The synthesis requires fine, high-purity Ti powder for the raw material and output is limited.
Reaction ball grinding technique
The reactive ball milling technique is a method that utilizes the chemical reaction of metal or alloy powder with other elements or compounds during the ball milling to prepare required materials. Reactive ball milling is used to produce nanocrystalline material primarily using a high energy ball mill. The mechanism for reaction ball grinding can be divided into 2 categories: the first is the mechanically induced high-temperature self-propagating synthesis reaction (SHS), the second is the reaction ballmilling with no obvious exotherm and the reaction is slow.
Uses of titanium carbide
1. Use as an additive for metal bismuth and zinc melting crucibles and to prepare HDD large-capacity memories devices and wear-resistant semiconductor films.
2. This is an essential component of cemented carburide, which is used as a steelmaking deoxidizer.
3. As cermet it is known for its high hardness, corrosion-resistance, and thermal stability.
(aka. Technology Co. Ltd., a trusted global chemical supplier and manufacturer has over 12 years experience in providing high-quality nanomaterials and chemicals. The titanium carbid Please note that the products produced by our company are of high purity and have low impurities. Please. Contact us if necessary.

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