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What is Boron Carbide?
Boron carburide (also known as black diamand) is a substance that has the molecular formula B4C. It’s a gray-black fine powder. It is among the three hardest substances known (the two others being diamond and cubic boron-nitride). Tank armor, bulletproof vests, and other industrial uses are all made of it. Boron carbide absorbs a lot of neutrons but does not produce radioisotopes. This makes it an ideal neutron absorption material for nuclear power plants. Neutron absorbers are used to regulate the rate of nuclear fusion. In the nuclear reactor sector, the main form of Boron carbide used is a controllable Rod shape. But sometimes it’s made into powder due to the increased surface area.
What are the main applications of Boron Carbide?
(1) The field is national defense. Bullet-proofing has been done with boron carbide ceramics since the 1960s. Comparing it to other materials, its characteristics are easy portability and high toughness. It is widely used to make lightweight armor for aircraft and armed helicopters. The British used this material as a raw materials to manufacture armor that can protect against armor-piercing projectsiles.
In terms of chemical materials. To increase the wear-resistance and strength of alloy materials boron carbide has been used as an alloy boronizing agent. This can be done by boronizing the metal to generate iron boride.
(3) Wear-resistant field. Boron carbide ceramics are visible in a number of industrial nozzles. These include desander nozzles to remove rust and nozzles designed for high-pressure water gun cutting. They are often chosen by factories for their durability under extreme conditions, and cost-effectiveness. . It can also be used to avoid pollution due to abrasive waste during grinding. As a diamond abrasive substitute, boron carbide can be used to reduce the cost of processing various metals as well as jade glass.
(4) Nuclear energy. In order to regulate the rate of nuclear fission, and ensure human safety, boron-carbide is commonly used as a neutron absorber material in safety rods, control rods, and other components.
(5) Aviation. The boron-carbide shaft tip is an essential component in the rocket power system. It transports liquid fuel.
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