Zirconium dioxide, which has the chemical formula ZrO2, forms the primary oxide. Normal conditions make it a clear, tasteless, smellless, and colorless crystal. It’s insoluble in water and hydrochloric acids. Chemical properties of this crystal are inactive. This material is characterized by high melting point and high resistivity. It’s also used as the raw material to make artificial drills.
How to prepare zirconia
1. Chemical method (alkali metallic method).
Zircon concentrate is then added to high heat caustic soda in order to make sodium zirconate. Concentrated hydrochloric acids is used to wash the sodium zirconate and make zirconium dioxide (ZH). Cl2. To make zirconium oxide (ZH) Cl2, dissolve SH2OX zirconiumoxide in water. Ammonia water can then be added. You can burn ZrOH1S to make zirconia.
Also, it is possible to melt zircon in caustic soda, or to purify to get sodium zirconate. Then add water to leach the solution to make the precipitate. Perform acid leaching to remove precipitation and then add ammonia water. Zircon is also added with carbonates and alkaline metal oxides, and calcined until you get calcium zirconate. Then, boil with hydrochloric to extract any impurities.
2. Electrofusion Method for Preparation Zirconia
In an electric arc furnace, zircon is reduced or melted to reduce its salinization. This also results in greater enrichment. An electric arc furnace at 2700 can completely decompose zircon into silica and liquid ZrO2 but simultaneously SiO2 may be reduced to gaseous SiO2 as well as O2, which is an irreversible reaction.
You can prepare zirconia stable by using either primary or secondary electric melting. Primary electric fusion involves the mixing and grinding of zircon, graphite and stabilizers (usually CaCO3) before adding them to an electric arc furnace. The fused ZrO2 must be quenched to promote crystal development. Once the ZrO2 is melted, it is Calcined at 1400°C to obtain stable zirconia. Secondary electric melting is where zircon and graphite sand are mixed together with graphite powder. Then, they melt in an electric oven, cool, then burn lightly (about 1400°C), to make mZrO2. To obtain stable zirconia, the mZrO2 can be mixed with a stabilizer as per the amount.
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