What is Magnesium Nitrode? Magnesium nutride is an inorganic compound with a chemical formula of Mg3N2. It belongs to the cubic crystalline system. Pure magnesium Nitride is a yellowish-green powder at room temperature. However, magnesium nitride that contains a small amount of magnesium oxide impurities can be grayish-white.

Magnesium Nitride’s molar mass is 100.95g/mol. It has a density of 2.712g/cm3. Magnesium-nitride can be completely dissolved into acid and water but is partially dissolved when it is mixed with ether and alcohol.

Magnesium Nitride has a melting temperature of 1500 degrees. Magnesium Nitride, like other metal nitrides reacts with the water to make ammonia. Used as a catalyst. Use acidic or aqueous nonmetallic compounds to react to create ammonium salts.

Magnesium oxide is ceramic in its natural state. Magnesium nutride has excellent corrosion resistance which greatly increases production efficiency. Magnesium-nitride has high thermal conductivity as well as high temperature and corrosion resistance. Magnesium-nitride is also important because it can be used as a catalyst to synthesize boron nitrogen.

What does Magnesium Nitride do?

1. This is used to create nitrides of other elements that are hard, durable, resistant to corrosion, wear resistance, and high temperatures. Magnesium nitride was the catalyst in the first successful synthesises of cubic-boron nitride.

2. This is used for high strength steel additives. Magnesium trioxide (Mg3N2) replaces the desulphurized magnesia in construction steel smelting. It is useful to improve steel’s density, strength and tension. Additionally, magnesium nitride (Mg3N2) can be used to reduce the number of additives which helps reduce the cost of production steel.

3. Special ceramic materials can be prepared using this method

4. To make special alloy foaming agents

5. For the production of special glass

6. Catalytic polymer crosslinking

7. This is for the recycling of nuclear waste

How to Make Magnesium Nitride.

Presently, the most common preparation methods for magnesium nitride consist of direct reaction method with magnesium powder, reaction method with magnesium with nitrogen in plasma flow, magnesium coil blast method in nitrogen atmosphere and low pressure chemical gases complementary product method.

G. Soto et.al. Pulse laser deposition allowed for the preparation of amorphous magnesium oxide films with different Mg/N ratios. These methods are difficult to industrialize because they require long processes and high yields.

While direct magnesium powder-nitrogen reaction has industrial value, the reaction of magnesium powder to nitrogen requires higher reaction temperatures and longer reaction times. The shape of the particles is also incomplete and easy agglomerate. This makes magnesium nitride powder not suitable for industrial use. N3 can be broken down into N2- with more ease than N2, and decomposed H2 can inhibit formation of MgO so ammonia gases can be used to provide nitrogen. Chen Faqin et al. Liquid ammonia was used as a nitrogen source to make magnesium nutride powder by direct nitriding magnesium powder. We can draw the following conclusions: Thermodynamic analysis shows that liquid ammonia reacts more with magnesium powder than nitrogen to produce magnesium nitride. Magnesium nitride powder of high quality and uniform particles can be prepared at 600°C in ammonia atmospheric for 1h. Next, heat to 800°C with an ammonia flow rate equal to 500ml/min. Finally, nitriding time is 1h.

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