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Zinc Sulfide Zinc sulfide The chemical formula for ZnS is ZnS. Its molar weight is 97.47g/mol. ZnS’s chemical structure is very simple. It consists of zinc metal attached to sulfur through a covalent bond. It is the most common form of zinc in nature. Sphalerite is its main mineral. This mineral, while usually black, is actually white. It is widely used in pigments. Zinc sulfide is transparent in its dense synthetic forms. It can also be used to make windows for optical devices that use visible light and infrared light. Zinc Sulfide appears yellowish white powder in a fluid. It is not soluble in liquid water and is denser. The main hazard to the environment. To limit the spread in the environment, immediate action should be taken. Easily penetrates soil to contaminate nearby waterways.
There are two crystal forms of solid zinc sulfide, alpha and beta, which have hexagonal (wurtzite), respectively, and cubic (sphalerite) structures. Beta crystalline ZnS (sphalerite), the more stable, is found in beta crystalline form.
Zinc sulfide Occurrence:
Zinc sulfide It is found in nature as zinc blende (also called sphalerite), which is a mix of iron and Zinc sulfides. In nature, zinc dioxide is found in the form of “zincite.” In fluorescence light energy is absorbed then quickly reemitted. The phosphorescence from zinc sulfide is visible after the UV light has been turned off.

Zinc sulfide Preparation:
Zinc Sulfide may be produced by a number of simple reactions. For example, zinc sulfate is prepared either by reacting with sodium sulfur (Na2S) or passing hydrogen sulfide into an aqueous solution containing any Zn2+ ions to precipitate ZnS. The insoluble ZnS can be prepared by reacting the zinc oxide with hydrogen sulfur:
ZnO + H2S = ZnS plus H2O
Zinc Sulfide Physical Property:
Zinc Sulfide can be found in two distinct crystal forms. The wurtzite is white or yellowish crystals. While the sphalerite is greyish white. It has a mass density of 4.09 grams per mL and a melting temperature of 1,185 degrees C.
Zinc Sulfide Chemical Property:
Zinc Sulfide Is Insoluble In Water It breaks down in the presence strong acids and oxidizing agents. When heated to temperatures greater than 900 degrees Celsius, it releases sulfur and zinc fumes. It also reacts strongly acidic solutions, releasing hydrogen-sulfide. At 102 degrees Celsius, the beta-crystalline ZnS material (sphalerite), a stable form of ZnS, transforms into its alpha-crystalline form (wurtzite). ZnS is a luminous material that exhibits phosphorescence under UV light.
Zinc sulfide Uses:
Zinc Sulfide is used in many applications because of its luminescent quality. It is used to make electroluminescent and phosphorescent materials. Zinc Sulfide, also known as zinc sulfide, is used for optical lenses and windows, as well infrared optic material. It’s also a wide bandgap semiconductor, and a highly efficient photo catalyst.
Most commonly used use of ZnS As a pigment in paints, rubbers, plastics and other materials. Lithopone (a mixture of ZnS, barium, and sulfate) is widely used as a pigment in low-gloss enamels. ZnS can be used for a variety of electronic and decorative uses because it is phosphorescent.
Zinc sulfide hazards:
Zinc Sulfide exposure is not harmful to humans. It mainly causes irritations of the respiratory tract, skin and eyes. This is a serious environment hazard because it is highly toxic for aquatic organisms.

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