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Titanium carbide Overview Titanium carbide has the chemical formula TiC and a molecular weight of 59.89. Gray metallic lattice solid with a face-centered cubic structure. Melting point: 3140+-90, boiling point: 4820, relative densities 4.93. Hardness is greater that 9. Water insoluble, but soluble with nitric and aqua regia. It is stable with air below 800 and eroded in air above 2000. It can react with O2 pure at 1150C.
Titanium carbide ceramics is a typical transition metal carbide. TiC’s unique properties are due to its bonding, which is composed of ionic covalent and metallic bonds. TiC has many unique properties due to its crystal structure. These include high hardness, high melt point, wear resistance, and electrical conductivity.
Preparation of Titanium Carbide
Method: the mixtures of titanium and carbon are obtained by hydrogen-reduction TiO2 in high temperature or by combining TiO2 with carbon powder in blocks. Then, the mixture is heated in an electric oven to 2300-2700°C and carbonized under H2 atmosphere or CO. The hard, crystalline powders TiC and Titanium carbide are prepared by a reaction of titanium oxide and carbon black above 1800degC. Cobalt and nickel are used to compact it for heat-resistant parts and cutting tools. Cutting tools are more brittle, and it’s lighter. Sintered carbide is less likely to produce grooves when combined with the tungsten carbide in tool materials.
Property of titanium carbide
Theoretically TiC contains 20.05 percent carbon. It is a light metallic gray. It is chemically resistant and inert towards hydrochloric, sulfuric, and nitric acids. TiC dissolves readily in oxidizing chemical solutions, like aqua regia, nitric and hydrofluoric acids, or nitric oxide. It dissolves also in an alkaline oxidation melt. Nitrogen is formed above -1500degC in a nitrogenous air. TiC can be attacked by chlorine and tends to oxidize when heated in the air.
The elastic modulus for TiC is 309 706 MPa. The material sintered from 2600 to 3000 has a fracture modulus between 499.8 and 843.2MPa at room temperatures. Thermal modulus is 54.4-63.92mpa for 2200 and 107.78-116.96mpa for 982. The melting point of TiC is 3160 degrees C. At room temperature, the resistivity is 180 to 250 It is a good conductor for high temperatures. The thermal coefficient of expansion between 593degC and room temperature is 4.12×10-6/degF. Thermal conductivity is 0.04 CAL/cmS/degC.
Titan carbide ceramics
1. Multiphase materials : titanium carbide is a super hard material. It can be produced with TiN and Al2O3 as well as other raw materials to produce various multiphase ceramics. This material has a high melting temperature, high hardness, good chemical stability. It’s the most preferred for cutting tool, wear resistant parts. Titanium carbide ceramics can be used for cutting high-speed wheels of wire regulation and carbon due to their high oxidation resistance. They also do not cause crescent wear when cut with steel. The use of multiphase ceramics containing titanium carbide has been widespread.
2. Coating material: Titanium carbide as a surface coat is an extremely wear-resistant material. By a physical or chemical process, diamond surfaces are coated with carbides that can form metals and alloys. At high temperatures, the interface between the metals and alloys, as well as the diamond’s carbon atoms, causes the carbides to be stable. These carbides are not only able to bond with diamonds, but they can also infiltrate matrix metal to increase the adhesion between matrix metal and diamond. Tool life can increase by up to three times with titanium carbide film.
3. The research on nuclear fusion reactors has shown that titanium carbide and composite (TiN+TiC) coating materials, after chemical heat treatments, create a tritium-resistant layer of permeability on the surface titanium carbide. This layer can resist hydrogen ion exposure and withstand thermal cycles and large temperature gradients.
4. The ceramics made of titanium carbide are good for optical purposes.
Titanium carbide Supplier
(aka. Technology Co. Ltd., a trusted global chemical supplier & manufacturer has more than 12 years of experience in providing high-quality Nanomaterials and chemicals. Our company is currently developing a number of materials. The Titanium carbide The powder we produce is of high purity and low impurity. To get the latest information, click here. Titanium carbide prices Click on the desired product to send an enquiry.




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